IMPORTANT RESOURCES

Location

NL is located on the eastern shores of North America between the 46th and 61st parallels.

Newfoundland, the island portion of our province, is situated in the Gulf of St. Lawrence separated from larger, mainland Labrador by the Strait of Belle Isle and from Nova Scotia by the Cabot Strait. The bulk of Newfoundland is below the 50th parallel.

Mainland Labrador is bordered west and south with the Canadian province of Quebec and shares a small land border on Killiniq Island with the Canadian territory of Nunavut.aqqq

Size

NL may look like a mid-sized region on a map, but in reality it is a huge place with lots of open country.

At 517,110 km2 (199,657 square miles), NL is vast. The island of Newfoundland covers 111,390 km2 (43,008 square miles) and massive Labrador covers 405,720 km2 (156,649 square miles). 

To give you a better perspective, NL is more than three times the total area of its neighboring Maritime Provinces (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island), would rank fourth in size behind Alaska, Texas, and California if it were one of the United States and is almost one-and-three-quarter times the size of Great Britain.

148861311352607-1Time Zone

The island of Newfoundland occupies its very own time zone, known as Newfoundland Time. It is half an hour ahead of Atlantic Time, and a full hour and a half later than Eastern Standard Time.

Most of mainland Labrador observes Atlantic Time Zone with one noted exception, its’ southeast region from Black Tickle to L’Anse au Clair which operates on Newfoundland Time.

Metric System

To our American visitors, NL operates on the metric decimal system of measurement. 

For easy conversion, download our Conversion Calculator.

Getting Here

NL boasts a modern transportation infrastructure with comprehensive air, road and marine (ferry) service.

Air

NL is strategically positioned between North America and Europe – just a 5 hour flight from London and a 4 hour flight from New York City. 

We are serviced by 4 regional and 3 international airports:

Nunatsiavut, Labrador’s northernmost region is serviced by Air Labrador and Provincial Airlines

Scheduled flights depart Happy Valley-Goose Bay and ‘hop’ from community to community along the North Labrador coast. All planes are 19 passenger Twin Otter aircraft.

Highway/Motorway

Both provincial regions contain major highway networks that includes the Trans-Canada Highway (TCH) and the Trans-Labrador Highway (TLH).

Trans-Canada Highway

The TCH (Route 1) crosses Newfoundland from Channel-Port aux Basques to St. John’s, a distance of 905 km (543 miles).

mapnl
Trans-Labrador Highway

The TLH runs 1,185 km (736 miles) from Labrador City to L’Anse Au Clair. Access driving from either the province of Quebec (Highway 389) or the Island of Newfoundland. (Via Labrador Straits ferry service in St. Barbes). 

Download this convenient Trans Labrador Highway User Guide.

maplab
Driving Times/Distance

For approximate driving times and distance, please visit Community to Community Distance Finder.

NL Driving Safety 

NL’s climate, topography and natural habitat offers up a unique set of driving conditions. 

Download our Driving Safety in NL guide.

For further information on vehicle and highway safety and current road conditions, please visit Transportation and Works.

Marine

Getting to NL is an adventure in itself and what better way to begin your journey than an ocean cruise. 

Our region maintains excellent service delivery and offers numerous marine options to explore our exquisite coastal communities.

Marine Atlantic

Marine Atlantic, regulated by Transport Canada, services a four vessel fleet with 2 major routes: a year-round 96 nautical mile daily ferry service between Channel-Port aux Basques, south-western Newfoundland and North Sydney, Nova Scotia. 

The second route is a 280 nautical mile tri-weekly ferry service between Argentia, Newfoundland and North Sydney, Nova Scotia. This service operates from mid-June until late September. From here, the distance to St. John’s is 131 km (78 miles).

These modern car ferries also accommodate recreational vehicles and offer a wide variety of on-board accommodations and features including: deluxe cabins, dormitory sleepers, full meal and beverage service, live entertainment, lounges, movies and children’s activity programs.

Please visit Marine Atlantic for current schedules and prices.

1200px-Marine_atlantic_route_map.svg
Provincial Ferry 

The Government of NL maintains a fleet of 15 ferries and coastal boats (automobile, passenger and freight). 

They operate on year-round and seasonal schedules that take you to our coastal communities. 

Please visit Transportation and Works for current schedules and routes.

Nunatsiavut Marine 

Coastal ferry service operates each year from roughly June to November (the ice-free season) to the five coastal communities of Nunatsiavut, a five day return trip from Happy Valley-Goose Bay to Nain. 

Please visit Nunatsiavut Marine for scheduling and fare information.

Climate

Our climate can be attributed to our ocean proximity, particularly the extensive area of cold water and seasonal ice offshore including the Labrador Current system, the distinctly warmer Gulf Stream and the North Atlantic Drift systems to the southeast of the Grand Banks which affects the properties of air reaching the province from the south and east.

grand_banks

Newfoundland

Newfoundland has a maritime climate that is moderate (minimal temperature fluctuations) and characterized by 4 distinct seasons. 

Overall, summers range from cool to hot with an average temperature of 16 degrees Celsius (61 Fahrenheit) while the winters are mild with average temperatures of 0 degrees Celsius (32 Fahrenheit). 

While regional temperature differences exist (coastal versus central), they are minor in nature. 

One defining characteristic of Newfoundland’s climate is its volatility. 

It is not uncommon to hear a Newfoundlander say ‘we can get 4 seasons in a day’ or ‘we have 3 seasons a year – fall, winter and spring)’. 

Labrador

Characteristic of the Canadian mid-north, Labrador’ climate is more arctic than maritime. 

It has cold winters with typical daytime temperatures for January between -10 and -15 Celsius (14 and 5 Fahrenheit) and the ground is snow-covered for eight months in the far north and for six months in the south. 

Summers are short and cool along the coast because of the cold Labrador Current.

On a regional basis, the Labrador interior has a continental climate with long, cold winters, deep snow cover and weather patterns which are relatively more settled. 

The Upper Lake Melville area has relatively shorter winters and warmer, sunnier summers.

Coastal Labrador is exposed to stormy and unsettled weather from the Labrador Sea. 

The area south of Groswater Bay usually has the heaviest precipitation. At times the region experiences extremes of temperature during offshore wind directions during both summer and winter.

Northern Labrador, north of Nain, has a tundra climate. Summers are short and too cool to support full tree growth with a precipitation decrease toward the north.

The mountains and fjords of the Torngat region create locally variable conditions.

Temperatures (°C) by region

 Region

 Spring  Summer Fall Winter
Apr – May Jun – Aug Sept – Oct Nov – Mar

high

 low high low high low high

low

Avalon 0 19 9 13 6 1 -6
Eastern 8 0 18 9 14 6 1 -6
Central 8 0 17  9 13 5 1 -6
Western 6 -1 19 9 12 5 -1 -8 
Labrador 5 -5 17 6 8 1 -8 -18

Before You Leave

For tons of great travel planning tips and suggestions en-route to NL, download our Travel Priorities Check-List.

Thinking about camping in NL? Be sure to download our handy Camping Check-List.

Are you a prudent traveler? To plan, prepare and track your NL travel expenses, download our Travel Budget.